How to Install and Setup MongoDB on Windows

Introduction

MongoDB is a noSQL document database that streamlines the management of database collections. It stores the information you need to analyze data quickly. It is flexible and scalable, which makes it perfect for businesses of all sizes. MongoDB works with UNIX-like systems and macOS, and it didn’t leave Windows users out. Installing MongoDB Windows application is a straightforward task. You can even setup MongoDB Windows today. This step-by-step tutorial explains how to install and configure the database that makes your data effortless to handle and retrieve so that you can gain meaningful insights fast.

Prerequisites

  • MongoDB – Installed and running.

  • Note that the minimum requirement for the Windows architecture is a 64-bit server, 2008 R2 (Windows 7) or 2012 R2 (Windows 8 ) or later Windows Server version.

  • Windows 8 platforms and beyond must also download this package for universal support for C Runtime.

  • Free space to accommodate the databases, data collections, and MongoDB server.

The MongoDB Server – Download and Install

  • If you haven’t already, go ahead visit the MongoDB Download Center to download, then install the MongoDB server.

  • Verify that you are on the “Server” download page.

  • Next, under “Select Version,” choose the “(current release)” from the dropdown list.

  • Under “OS” on the right side of the page, select “Windows 64-bit x 64”.

  • Read the “https:” address listed below and verify that “msi” is at the end of the address.

  • Click “Download”.

The settings to install the current release of the MongoDB Community Server for 64-Windows.

Screenshot of the MongoDB server download's page highlighting the Windows MSI installer release for version 4.0.9

Use the Setup Wizard to Install MongoDB

  • To bring up the installer wizard, go to where the download is located. If you’re unsure, check the Downloads folder.

  • Launch the msi installer by double-clicking it.

  • Before you proceed, read the Terms of Agreement, then check the box to accept the terms.

  • Follow the steps to finish the setup MongoDB Windows.

MongoDB Setup page and easy walk through steps. Click “Next” to proceed with the installation.

A screenshot of the Windows MSI installer for MongoDB with the ""Next"" button highlighted

Choose the kind of installation you need

  • You can select either a Complete installation to install all the features. This is the recommended option. Alternatively, you can choose a Custom installation. It’s the option where you can pick the features you want to install. If you’re unsure, go with the Complete option.

NOTE: A complete installation is what most users pick; however, it does use a lot of space. If you’re concerned about how much space you have for the download, select Custom to personalize your installation.

The MongoDB Setup page and installation options.

Screenshot of the MongoDB Windows wizard installer prompting the user to choose a complete or custom setup

Configure MongoDB Service

  • To simplify the MongoDB setup, the Service Configuration page will allow you to either “Run the service as Network Service user” or “Run service as a local or domain user.”

  • Next, select the directory for the MongoDB databases. Copy the path of the directories because you’ll refer to them later.

The MongoDB Service Configuration page.

Screenshot of the MongoDB Windows installer configuring the services and data directory location

Store MongoDB databases in a newly-created data folder

You’ll need a data folder to store the MongoDB databases. Use one of the two options below to start the process.

  • In a new window in File Explorer, go to the data directory absolute path that you just set up during the installation. Click “New folder” on the menu bar located at the top. Call it data\db.

The “New folder” option is selected in Windows File Explorer

Screenshot of a Windows file explorer with the ""New folder"" button highlighted in the C drive

Here’s another way to create the data\db folder.

  • Use the command prompt cd to get to the directory path.

  • Open a new window. Use the command prompt md.

  • Next, create a folder and name it data\db.

cd C:\some\absolute\path
md ""\data\db""

Use Hyper Terminal to Make mongod Alias Shortcuts

Git Bash is the default shell application to use to access the Hyper Terminal.

  • Make the directory “”home”” in Hyper Terminal. Enter cd~ to do that.
cd ~
  • Check if you see the .bash_profile. If it isn’t there, create one with the command touch. That’s the same as using the Windows command prompt and the command new file.
touch .bash_profile
  • The vim editor is what you’ll use to open the .bash_profile.
vim .bash_profile

The .bash_profile will look similar to this as it is being edited using VIM Editor in Hyper Terminal. Screenshot of the VIM editor in Hyper Terminal editing the .bash_profile file

>NOTE: The .bash_profile is a hidden file. You can tell by the period that is placed at the start of the file name. To see all of a directory’s hidden files in a terminal that’s UNIX-based, use the command prompt ls -A.

  • Go to the C:\Program Files and locate the \MongoDB\Server directory. You should see the recently installed MongoDB version identified by its version number.

  • Right-click the folder to see the full path. Select “Copy” to copy it.

enter image description here

  • Go to the .bash_profile again in the Hyper Terminal and right-click and select “Paste” or do a CTRL+P to paste the MongoDB installation’s entire path in an instance of the .bash_profile.

  • Within the string path, you’ll notice some character spaces. To get out of those, simply use a backslash (\) and a space. See below.

alias mongod=""/c/Program\ files/MongoDB/Server/4.0/bin/mongod.exe""
alias mongo=""/c/Program\ Files/MongoDB/Server/4.0/bin/mongo.exe""

The finished process shows within the Hyper Terminal, the .bash_profile where the alias commands were pasted.

Screenshot of a Hyper Terminal editing the .bash_profile with VIM and aliases for MongoDB and their respective paths pasted into the editor

Time to Restart the MongoDB Service

You’ve successfully created the alias path, now it’s time to restart the service.

  • You checked the version earlier, but let’s make sure it’s installed correctly on your OS. Go ahead and type mongo --version to restart Git Bash and check that everything went as planned.
mongo --version

MongoDB on Windows Git BASH Hyper Terminal shows the correct version installed on a local system.

Getting the version of mongo in a GIT bash Hyper Terminal on Windows

Conclusion

In this tutorial, you learned about installing MongoDB Windows. You used the Git BASH Hyper Terminal to put MongoDB successfully on your Windows server. During the process, you set up alias shortcuts and verified the correct version of MongoDB on your system. It’s important to configure things the right way, otherwise, it won’t work, not even a little bit. That will defeat the purpose. In addition, if you try different ways to install MongoDB and you repeatedly experience error messages, you’ve lost productivity. It could equate to lost time and labor, essentially money in working hours. Instead of guessing at it, try the method outlined in this tutorial. Next, be prepared to take advantage of the indexing and querying capability of MongoDB. Others have.

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